Welcome to Child Health Analysis Platform!

Introduction

  • Child health is a state of physical, mental, intellectual, social, and emotional well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or mortality.
  • Ethiopia has recorded significant reductions in child mortality, and had managed to achieve the MDG4 target during the year 2012 E.C. However the prevalence of death among children below the age of 5 is still a catastrophe. In technical senses, it has been investigated that over two-thirds of deaths on children are caused by Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Diarrhoea, Malaria, Measles and problems of the newborn.
  • Therefore, this section aspires to provide trends of the prevalence and treatment of ARI, fever, and diarrhoea with various characteristics. This, basically, is assumed to help policymakers and program managers to assess the efficacy of current strategies, formulate appropriate interventions to prevent deaths on childhood illnesses, and improve the health of status of children in Ethiopia.

Method

Sources of Data:
  • Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (EDHS) conducted during 2000, 2005, 2011 and 2016 G.C.

Coverage:
Population base: Living children under age 5 years.
Time period: 2 weeks preceding the survey.

Calculations:
\[PCi= { NCCHi\over NCH}*100\]

PCi = Prevalence of ith Childhood Illness


NCCHi =Number of Children with ith Childhood Illness
NCH= Number of Children

\[TCi= { NCiATS \over NCiCi }*100\]

TCi= Treatments of ith Childhood Illnesses.
NCiATS = Number of Children with ith Illness for whom Advice or Treatment was given.
NCiCi = Number of children with Illness.


Where: ith means ARI,fever, and diarrhea illness

Key Findings

  • A significant decrease in ARI prevalence was seen in 5 years gap. The rate of change b/n 2000 and 2005 was 48.4%, while the rate of change between 2011 and 2016 was only 5.7%.
  • Seven percent of children under age 5 years had symptoms of ARI. Three out of 10 of these children sought treatment in 2016.
  • The highest prevalence of ARI at sub national state was in Amhara (8%) and the lowest sub national state was in Harari (0.7%) in 2016.